Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a common circulatory problem caused by narrowed arteries that restrict blood flow to your extremities – most often your legs. PAD occurs as fatty deposits (plaque) builds up along the wall of an artery, causing a progressive thickening of the artery’s lining. This, in turn, causes the artery to narrow, which then restricts, or even blocks, blood flow. This is the same process that leads to heart attack, except that it is happening in the legs.
During an atherectomy (pictured here), we insert a special catheter with a sharp blade on the end to remove plaque from the blood vessel.
The goal of treatment is to reopen the clogged arteries. We offer two different treatment options, both of which we perform in-office using a local anesthesia.
ANGIOPLASTY & STENTING
In this nonsurgical procedure, we use a catheter to insert a tiny balloon into your artery. Once in place, we inflate the balloon, which opens the artery for improved blood flow. We then insert a small, metal mesh tube – called a “stent” – into the artery to maintain the expansion and provide support inside the artery.
We perform this procedure using a special catheter, which we insert into the artery through a small puncture in the skin and artery. Using the catheter, we then remove the plaque and collect it into a chamber in the catheter’s tip, effectively decreasing/eliminating the blockage from the artery.